Psalm 23 is a praise song of David to Yahweh over His unfailing love and kindness. In this short Psalm, David (the sheep) relates Yahweh’s (the Shepherd) character to his responses. The psalmist bases his confidence and responses to his situations on the unchanging character of God. Have a look:
Verse 1, 2: “He makes me lie down in green pastures,” for He is JEHOVAH-ROHI (Jn. 6:39). He is not afraid because God will protect. Jehovah Rohi is His name.
Verse 1: “I shall not be in want,” because God is JEHOVAH-JIREH (Gen. 22:14); He will therefore provide.
Verse 2: “He leads me beside quiet waters,” for He is JEHOVAH-SHALOM (Judges 6:24). The Lord our peace.
Verse 3: “He restores my soul” for He is JEHOVAH-ROPHECHA (Ex. 15:26). The Lord who heals us from our diseases.
Verse 3: He guides me “in the paths of righteousness” because He is JEHOVAH-TZIDKENU (Jer. 23:6). He is Himself my righteousness, and I am righteous in Him (Jer. 33:16).
Verse 4: Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death… “for you are with me,” for He is JEHOVAH-SHAMMAH (Ezk. 48:35). The Lord is there.
Verse 5: “You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies,” for He is JEHOVAH_NISSI (Exo. 17:15). He is my banner of victory. He will fight for me, as I feast.
Verse 5: “You anointed my head with oil,” because He is JEHOVVAH-MEKADDESCHEM (Ex. 31:13). The Lord who sanctifies me (who makes me holy).
Lastly, because of the above attributes of God, the psalmist, in confidence, writes,
“Surely goodness and love will follow me all the days of my life, and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever” (verse 6).